Biometric Voter Registration (BVR) implicates using biometric technology (capturing unique physical features of an individual – fingerprinting is the most commonly used), most of the times in addition to demographics of the voter, for polling registration and/or authentication. The enrollment infrastructure allows collecting and maintaining a database of the biometric templates for all voters.
Biometric Voter Registration (BVR) has risen to meet complex electoral challenges. BVR measures and analyses a voter’s unique physical characteristics to verify their identify and their eligibility to vote. The technology targets identity theft, multiple voting and other mechanisms of voter fraud and manipulation.
In order to prevent identity theft and multiple voting, biometric technology can be used at polling stations to confirm the identity and eligibility of voters. Electronic verification is usually conducted by devices such as electronic poll books that capture voters’ fingerprints and check them against the fingerprints stored in the voter registration database for the polling station.